“The first December of each year was identified as the Month of AIDS Awareness and International Control”
“Ending AIDS by 2030” is a global goal for States, Governments and health organizations to achieve. It was launched at the 21st annual conference on awareness of the disease, which was held in South Africa as the most affected country.
- Human Immunodeficiency (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)
It is known as HIV.
The disease of the twentieth century, was initially known in its beginning with many names such as (lymph nodes, Kaposi’s cancer, GRID Short for Gay – Immune Deficiency – which refers to immunodeficiency among homosexual men)
HIV was also called the disease of the Four H’s (4H Disease) which was spread among the population of Haiti, heroin addicts, patients with haemophilia, and homosexuals.
Initially it was called the (San Francisco) virus, in relation to the city where the first recorded cases of infection
- The disease officially appeared on 5th June, 1981 when the CDC discovered a number of pneumonia cases in a number of homosexual men in the state.
The disease did not have a clear scientific name at the beginning of the discovery and there was no specific information on how it was transported, or infected, as well as, what were the dimensions of the disease and its stages, therefore there was no cure, but each case was dealt with separately.
Of course, the previous names were the result of a narrow vision of the disease, so to spread its prevalence and alert the affected groups in the beginnings, it was thought it only affected men so women were presumed safe, which was later proved to be wrong.
- What is the HIV?
It is a virus that affects the human immune system, destroys the cellular cells to a minimum number of the required to carry out its immune function to protect the human.
The virus itself does not infect any disease, it is a weak virus, but put simply, it drops all human immune defences, leaving the body without any protection and exposure to any infection, no matter how weak, yet it normally does not infect people who receive immunosuppressant.
Therefore, most people with AIDS die from tuberculosis and pneumonia.
- Causes and methods of infection:
The World Health Organization has identified four ways of infection, namely:
- Unprotected sexual relations (without contraception).
- Blood transfusion.
- Breastfeeding (from infected mother to child)
- Pregnancy and childbirth (from the mother to the fetus).
This indicates that the disease is transmitted by the mixing of bodily fluids between the non-infected and the infected, except for (Saliva, sweat and urine)
- Does HIV infection mean AIDS?
Certainly not, carrying the virus does not mean that the person has become an AIDS patient with the help of early detection and follow-up prevention measures, the person may remain a carrier of the virus only.
When does a person become an AIDS patient?
When the number of T cells is less than 500 ml in the immune system, then the immediate application of preventive and necessary medications to prevent the worsening of the condition.
- Common myths about AIDS.
AIDS is the next disease in fame and the fabrication of rumours about it after the disease of epilepsy, which thought that he was touched by evil spirits and anger of the Creator on the injured, which proved his sin also.
One of the lies about AIDS:
(Disease transmitted to humans through sexual relations with monkeys)!
AIDS is therefore the immune system does not infect animals, which are certainly not transmitted to humans through it.
(AIDS affects gay people only)!
Untrue, AIDS is transmitted to women through unprotected sexual relations, it turns and syringe contaminated blood transfusion and from mother to the fetus.
(Dealing in any way with the patient presents me for infection)!
AIDS is one of the most difficult diseases of transmission, so it is very easy to live with and deal with the AIDS patient in the light of certain caveats, respiratory diseases, for example, are more dangerous and easier to infect.
(AIDS killer fast)!
Currently this perception is incorrect, AIDS Negotiable coexistence with following prevention instructions disease and taking the measures necessary treatment and taking a disciplined; PLWHIV with AIDS may extend its life for years longer than the cancer patient thus is less lethal than other diseases, such as kidney failure and hepatic tumours.
(AIDS punishment for bad behaviour)!
Look inadequate and severe injustice to the lance that, do not have the right to issue Oga m on others, AIDS like any other disease requires from us help receptivity and treating a patient without any stigmatization, as we have seen in the ways of infection it affects many people in unexpected ways,
Such as the wife to whom the disease was transmitted by her husband, the fetus from which the disease was transmitted by his mother, the infected person whose blood was transfused.
(There are ways to transmit the disease to people such as infected pins and fruit infected with the virus)!
This is one of the most rumours that reflect ignorance of the disease, the AIDS virus is very weak, it does not live outside of the body for a long time and it soon dies, thus it cannot be transmitted except in the aforementioned special circumstances.
So far has not been reached for a cure and final of the disease, but science does not stop research and testing to end the myth of AIDS, found so far, drugs and preventive medicines that aggravate the severity of the disease and as science has reached treatments to prevent transmission of the virus to the fetus through an infected mother which is what happened in the past years with the delivery of more than an infected baby without carrying a child virus.
8. Most vulnerable categories :
1. Sex workers and workers
2. People with multiple sexual partners (without protection).
4. Long-term prison inmates
5. Rape victims
6. Accident victims and contaminated blood transfusion (very low current rates).
7. Displaced persons and street children.
9. Global prevalence rates in Egypt:
As of 2009, an estimated 33.3 million people with HIV/AIDS around the world, spread out significantly in South Africa where both of the Swaziland And Botswana Lesotho The AIDS rate exceeds 20% among adults and there are six additional countries in which the percentage exceeds The presence of HIV 10% , In terms of the number of infected by it comes Republic of South Africa Ranked first with 6.3 million people and constituting 17.3% of the population followed Nigeria With 3.2 million people making up 3.7%
Of the population then India Where the number of infected around 2.1 million and make up 0.3% of the population India By the end of 2013
The problem posed by the late leader Mandela on his list of priorities during his reign of South Africa, and launched an international campaign to raise funds from countries around the world to fund projects for the treatment and prevention of AIDS.
As for Egypt, the situation is different:
Egypt reported its first case of HIV / AIDS in 1986.
Of the reported cases, sexual relations were the main means of transmission (4901%), blood transfusion (602%), dialysis (602%) and homosexuality (2209%).
According to an official report released by the Ministry of Health In January 2008
Infection rates among injectables accounted for (209%)
And transmission from mother to child by 1.6 per cent; and 5.2 per cent of the causes of “unknown”. Males are more likely to be infected with HIV than females, but this may be due to testing more men. Other people are vulnerable to HIV infection in Egypt, including prisoners, street children and refugees. .
The results of the Behavioral and Behavioral Behavior Monitoring Survey conducted by the Ministry of Health and Population were published in December 2006. The study aimed to survey the views of street children, sex workers, men who had sex with men and injecting drug users, with a prevalence rate of 6.2 %
Egypt still faces many challenges in maintaining low HIV prevalence rate of HIV.
There is general reluctance on the part of the Government and civil society to discuss issues relating to marginalized groups such as gay males, girls in sex and injecting drug users. In addition, there are widespread concerns and stigmatization of HIV / AIDS and the lack of effective education programs on sexually transmitted diseases / HIV / AIDS and other preventive measures, such as peer education, communication and behavioural change among groups at risk.
It is estimated that the incidence rate According to 2005 data from the World Health Organization. Currently, less than 1 %. However, continuous monitoring is necessary to reduce the spread of the disease.
Famous people who have contracted the disease:
It shocked the world when Hollywood star Rock Hudson announced in July 1985 tested positive for HIV, and was announcing the injury of the disease turning point in the reputation of the spread of AIDS in America and around the world. Hudson died in the same year.
Ervine «Magic» Johnson
It was a big surprise to the world when US basketball player Irvin Johnson, nicknamed “The Sorcerer Johnson, ” retired from the Los Angeles Lakers in 1991 after announcing that he had AIDS . But «Magic» came back for one season in 1996, and continues to exercise his natural life and worked as an analyst in American sports channels.\
Leaving the British rock star of Indian origin Freddie Mercury, whose real name is Farouk Bolsara, a large footprint in the world of rock music through his band ‘s famous «Queen». But he shook his audience grief in 1987 when he announced his injury AIDS, before he died on 21 (November) 1991.
Arthur Robert Ashe
American tennis star Arthur Ashe was injured by a blood transfusion during a heart operation . He lived Asch , who is considered the first American of African descent who wins the Wimbledon Championships and the US Open and Australian Open tennis, an activist in the fight against the disease, before he died in February 1993.
Founded the star of the American rapper Eazy – E, whose real name is Eric Wright, Band «The NWA» hip – hop, at the end of the eighties, and issued with its songs have expressed their rejection of their living conditions, it sparked a social revolution continues to reverberate hesitate even today.
But «godfather of rap» beloved among young people, died of AIDS on 17 March 1995, for 31 years.
The four-time Olympic gold medalist and silver medalist Greg Logans announced his AIDS infection in 1988 in his 1996 autobiography . He is still on his fight against the disease and is now a diving instructor .
Jim J. Bullock
In the 1980s, American actor Jim J. Bullock was known for his comedic roles in a number of successful soap operas . He was diagnosed with AIDS in 1985 , but he continues to practice his normal life with the help of medication.
Tommy Morrison is one of the most famous heavyweight boxers in the world, a former world champion of the World Boxing Organization, and has lost only three out of 52 professional games . But Morrison march in the boxing world, forcibly ended when infected with «HIV» 1996, he dies died of AIDS on 1 September 2013.
Musician Michael Jeter has lived a long healthy life, despite being diagnosed with AIDS in 1996 after a year of diagnosis . Jeter, who had been in a number of big films, was an AIDS activist until his death in 2003 because of a seizure
Cuba’s reality TV star Pedro Zamora is one of the first celebrities to publicly admit to being infected with AIDS .
Zamora active in raising awareness of the disease and control areas, until his death on November 11 (November) 1994 for 22 years, prompting former US president Bill Clinton to pay tribute to the efforts of the Cuban star in the neighborhood and provide an example of positive coexistence with AIDS.
These examples are the biggest proof that AIDS is not necessarily be the ultimate in human life, today there has become a term (living with AIDS) , which means that the disease can be minimized and coexistence with him , like many chronic diseases such as diabetes.
The liarits here lies on the shoulders of the community side by side with the patient, communities a major role in the rehabilitation of the injured and their reintegration into communities and help of preventive programs and awareness by governments, civil society organizations and ministries of health in various countries around the world to limit the spread of the disease, and the speed of therapeutic intervention to help patients.
Places of voluntary examination and advice in Egypt :
Cairo : Central Laboratories – 19 Sheikh Rihan Street Bab El Louk Tahrir Square
phone : 02-7947839
Alexandria : Caritas Egypt – 10 – Talaat Noman Street in front of the Chamber of Commerce – Raml Station
phone : 03/4840138
Monoufia : Unit of a child in the sea next to the old traffic – Shebin al-Noum
phone : 048- 2237057
the lake : Medical center in Azabah Saad second floor – Abu Rish – Damanhour
phone : 045-3328340
South of Sinaa : Ruwaisat Urban Center – Sharm El Sheikh
phone : 069-3661280
Dakahlia : Al-Sadr Hospital, Mansoura, Al-Teraa Street, Mansoura
West : Tanta Fever Hospital 3rd Floor, Taha El Hakim St., Tanta
phone : 040- 3402197
Ismailia : Al Araisheyat Health Bureau – Araisha Egypt – El Matafi Square El Beheira St. Beside Blood Bank
phone : 064-3344659
Aswan : Medical Center in the tunnel
phone : 097 2271570
Eastern : Al Nahhal Medical Center – Khalid Bin Al Waleed Street – Zagazig
phone : 055-2266715
Kafr El Sheikh : Kafr El Sheikh General Hospital – Down the main blood bank
phone : 047-3228884
Bani Sweif : Abdel Salam Aref Street next to El Safa Nursery – El Shorta Bldgs
phone : 082-2359265
Fayoum : The urban medical center in front of Al Sadr Hospital is the second round
The Red Sea : Directorate of Health and Population Hafr Al-Baten – Hurghada
phone : 065-3546685
Asyut : Neonatal- Ezbet Al – Jammal Building Building 6
phone : 088-2288579
For more Contact the free AIDS hotline for information
National Program to Combat AIDS 08007008000